Cadbury was the first chocolatier to create milk chocolate.
In 1857, Daniel Peter, a Swiss Manufacturer, added milk to his recipe to create the world’s first milk chocolate.
More than 2,000 of Cadbury's male employees joined the British Armed Forces, and to support the British war effort, Cadbury provided chocolate, books and clothing to the troops.
After the war, the Bournville factory was redeveloped and mass production began in earnest. Fry & Sons, another leading British chocolate manufacturer, resulting in the integration of well-known brands such as Fry's Chocolate Cream and Fry's Turkish Delight.
By 1900 the estate included 314 cottages and houses set on 330 acres (130 ha) of land.
As the Cadbury family were Quakers there were no pubs in the estate.
Located next to the Stirchley Street railway station, which itself was opposite the canal, they renamed the estate Bournville and opened the Bournville factory the following year.