The term has been used to describe a similar weekly observance in any of several other traditions; the first crescent or new moon; any of seven annual festivals in Judaism and some Christian traditions; any of eight annual pagan festivals (usually "sabbat"); an annual secular holiday; and a year of rest in religious or secular usage, the sabbath year, originally every seventh year.
Sabbath (as the verb Shavath) is first mentioned in the Genesis creation narrative, where the seventh day is set aside as a day of rest and made holy by God (Genesis 2:2–3).
Observation and remembrance of Sabbath is one of the Ten Commandments (the fourth in the original Jewish, the Eastern Orthodox, and most Protestant traditions, the third in Roman Catholic and Lutheran traditions).
Most people who observe the Sabbath regard it as having been instituted as a perpetual covenant for the Israelites (Exodus –17), as a sign respecting two events: the day during which God rested after having completed Creation in six days (Exodus 20:8–11), and the Israelites' deliverance from Egypt (Deuteronomy –15).
“It is the day I can take as much time to hang out with God, His Word, His creation and His people, and not feel guilty because I'm not off doing something else I'm supposed to.” Every week, Adventists have a special date with God—a guilt-free break from work and a whole day to deepen our friendship with the Creator of the universe.